1860's Base Ball Terminology

Club Nine Team Cranks Fans
Hurler Pitcher Match Game
Behind Catcher Aces Runs
Striker Batter Foul Tic Foul Bal

Base Tender

Baseman Player Dead Out
Scout Outfielder 3 Hands Dead Side Retired
Rover Shortstop

Other terms used

Huzzah! Hurrah! Leg It! Run!
Ice Wagon Slow Runner


1860 Base Ball Rules and Customs


Base ball is a gentleman's game:
Matches are conducted according to the highest standards of sportsmanship, gentlemanly behavior, courtesy and respect for others.
There is no : swearing, spitting, scratching, consumption of alcohol, chewing of tobacco or wagering.
Gentleman shall forbear from commenting on umpires judgement.
The Umpire:
Calls foul tics immediately.
May ask players and cranks for assistance in making calls.
Does not call balls, and may call strikes, if deemed necessary.
Levies fines, on the spot, for ungentlemanly conduct.
In Hurling:
The ball must be hurled underhanded, not jerked or thrown.
The ball must be delivered as near as possible to center of home plate.
A hurler must stand with his legs crossed, one hand behind the other, with the ball in front.
A Striker is dead when:
A batted ball is caught on one bound off the ground, fair or foul, or on the fly, fair or foul.
After three swinging or called strikes. Foul tics are not strikes.
Other Differences:
Players do not wear gloves or other protective equipment.
There is no sliding, leading off or stealing of bases.
The striker may not over run first base.
A batted ball is determined fair or foul by where it first hits the ground.
Players crossing home plate safely must then proceed to the tallykeeper's table, place one hand on the table, raise the other hand and ask the tallykeeper to please tally his ace for his team. He is then instructed to strike the tally bell. Only then does his ace count.
A runner may not advance if the striker's ball is caught on the fly. He will be instructed to return to his base and may not be put out. A runner may advance at his own risk if the striker's ball is caught on one bound, and is fair.